How to use 3G Connection in Android Application instead of Wi-fi?

How to use 3G Connection in Android Application instead of Wi-fi?

I want to connect a 3G connection, is there any sample code to connect to 3G instead of Wi-fi?

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  • 8 Solutions collect form web for “How to use 3G Connection in Android Application instead of Wi-fi?”

    The T-Mobile ‘My Account” app does this, if you are connected to a WiFi connection it tells you that their program will not work over WiFi and then asks the user if they want to turn off the WiFi connection. If you choose “No” then the application exits, if you choose “Yes” then the app turns off your WiFi connection and then continues with starting up.

    I think this is a good model to follow, it will ensure that your app is not being ran over WiFi and allows the user to decide if they want to turn off WiFi or not. An improvement on this model would be to turn wifi back on when the user navigates away from your app.

    I haven’t tested the following code, but it looks like it should work (modified from here)

    use the following permissions in your manifest

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE"></uses-permission>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CHANGE_WIFI_STATE"></uses-permission>
    

    and here is some actual code to turn wifi on/off

    private WifiManager wifiManager;
    
    @Override 
    public void onCreate(Bundle icicle)
    {
        ....................
    
        wifiManager = (WifiManager) this.getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
    
        if(wifiManager.isWifiEnabled())
        {
            wifiManager.setWifiEnabled(false);
        }
        else
        {
            wifiManager.setWifiEnabled(true);
        }
    }
    

    If you do not want to go down that route it looks like you might be able to tell the phone that you would prefer to use the mobile data network rather than the wifi network.

    The Android ConnectivityManager offers a function setNetworkPreference. This function is not really documented as you can tell if you click the link. I would paly around with it though because the constants that are defined seem to hint that you can set this to either TYPE_MOBILE or TYPE_WIFI and there is a DEFAULT_NETWORK_PREFERENCE constant as well that is defined as being 0x00000001 which is the same as TYPE_WIFI. So try getting access to a ConnectivityManager by calling

    Context.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);
    

    and then try using the setNetworkPreference() function.

    It doesn’t appear to require any permissions in the manifest but it might require the CHANGE_NETWORK_STATE permission or something along those lines.

    If you do sue the setNetworkPreference function it would probably be best to also set the Network Preference back to its original values (received from getNetworkPreference)

    I hope this helps.

    /**
     * Enable mobile connection for a specific address
     * @param context a Context (application or activity)
     * @param address the address to enable
     * @return true for success, else false
     */
    private boolean forceMobileConnectionForAddress(Context context, String address) {
        ConnectivityManager connectivityManager = (ConnectivityManager) context.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);
        if (null == connectivityManager) {
            Log.debug(TAG_LOG, "ConnectivityManager is null, cannot try to force a mobile connection");
            return false;
        }
    
        //check if mobile connection is available and connected
        State state = connectivityManager.getNetworkInfo(ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE_HIPRI).getState();
        Log.debug(TAG_LOG, "TYPE_MOBILE_HIPRI network state: " + state);
        if (0 == state.compareTo(State.CONNECTED) || 0 == state.compareTo(State.CONNECTING)) {
            return true;
        }
    
        //activate mobile connection in addition to other connection already activated
        int resultInt = connectivityManager.startUsingNetworkFeature(ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE, "enableHIPRI");
        Log.debug(TAG_LOG, "startUsingNetworkFeature for enableHIPRI result: " + resultInt);
    
        //-1 means errors
        // 0 means already enabled
        // 1 means enabled
        // other values can be returned, because this method is vendor specific
        if (-1 == resultInt) {
            Log.error(TAG_LOG, "Wrong result of startUsingNetworkFeature, maybe problems");
            return false;
        }
        if (0 == resultInt) {
            Log.debug(TAG_LOG, "No need to perform additional network settings");
            return true;
        }
    
        //find the host name to route
        String hostName = StringUtil.extractAddressFromUrl(address);
        Log.debug(TAG_LOG, "Source address: " + address);
        Log.debug(TAG_LOG, "Destination host address to route: " + hostName);
        if (TextUtils.isEmpty(hostName)) hostName = address;
    
        //create a route for the specified address
        int hostAddress = lookupHost(hostName);
        if (-1 == hostAddress) {
            Log.error(TAG_LOG, "Wrong host address transformation, result was -1");
            return false;
        }
        //wait some time needed to connection manager for waking up
        try {
            for (int counter=0; counter<30; counter++) {
                State checkState = connectivityManager.getNetworkInfo(ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE_HIPRI).getState();
                if (0 == checkState.compareTo(State.CONNECTED))
                    break;
                Thread.sleep(1000);
            }
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            //nothing to do
        }
        boolean resultBool = connectivityManager.requestRouteToHost(ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE_HIPRI, hostAddress);
        Log.debug(TAG_LOG, "requestRouteToHost result: " + resultBool);
        if (!resultBool)
            Log.error(TAG_LOG, "Wrong requestRouteToHost result: expected true, but was false");
    
        return resultBool;
    }
    

    And this for calculate host address:

    /**
     * This method extracts from address the hostname
     * @param url eg. http://some.where.com:8080/sync
     * @return some.where.com
     */
    public static String extractAddressFromUrl(String url) {
        String urlToProcess = null;
    
        //find protocol
        int protocolEndIndex = url.indexOf("://");
        if(protocolEndIndex>0) {
            urlToProcess = url.substring(protocolEndIndex + 3);
        } else {
            urlToProcess = url;
        }
    
        // If we have port number in the address we strip everything
        // after the port number
        int pos = urlToProcess.indexOf(':');
        if (pos >= 0) {
            urlToProcess = urlToProcess.substring(0, pos);
        }
    
        // If we have resource location in the address then we strip
        // everything after the '/'
        pos = urlToProcess.indexOf('/');
        if (pos >= 0) {
            urlToProcess = urlToProcess.substring(0, pos);
        }
    
        // If we have ? in the address then we strip
        // everything after the '?'
        pos = urlToProcess.indexOf('?');
        if (pos >= 0) {
            urlToProcess = urlToProcess.substring(0, pos);
        }
        return urlToProcess;
    }
    
    /**
     * Transform host name in int value used by {@link ConnectivityManager.requestRouteToHost}
     * method
     *
     * @param hostname
     * @return -1 if the host doesn't exists, elsewhere its translation
     * to an integer
     */
    private static int lookupHost(String hostname) {
        InetAddress inetAddress;
        try {
            inetAddress = InetAddress.getByName(hostname);
        } catch (UnknownHostException e) {
            return -1;
        }
        byte[] addrBytes;
        int addr;
        addrBytes = inetAddress.getAddress();
        addr = ((addrBytes[3] & 0xff) << 24)
                | ((addrBytes[2] & 0xff) << 16)
                | ((addrBytes[1] & 0xff) << 8 )
                |  (addrBytes[0] & 0xff);
        return addr;
    }
    

    And following permission must be added to AndroidManifest.xml

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE"/>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CHANGE_NETWORK_STATE" />
    

    It works only with android 2.2 and above, tested on both Nexus One and on LG Optimus, other phones I don’t know because some method of ConnectivityMananger are vendor-specific.
    After 15-20 seconds of inactivity, mobile network is automatically disconnected.

    I think that is not possible from Java. The system shuts down all mobile network based communication if connected to a wireless network. I think that you aren’t allowed to start a 3G connection from you program.

    use connection manager and set network preference as u want.
    good luk

    for ex:
    dataManager = (ConnectivityManager)getSystemService(CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);
    dataManager.setNetworkPreference(ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE);

    Here is the code that works on API 21+ (Lollipop, Marshmallow..).
    I prefer to use OkHttp with Network.getSocketFactory(), but Network.openURLConnection() also works fine.

    private void doTest()
    {
        display("Requesting CELLULAR network connectivity...");
        ConnectivityManager connectivityManager = (ConnectivityManager) getSystemService(CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);
    
        NetworkRequest request = new NetworkRequest.Builder()
                .addTransportType(NetworkCapabilities.TRANSPORT_CELLULAR)
                .addCapability(NetworkCapabilities.NET_CAPABILITY_INTERNET).build();
    
        connectivityManager.requestNetwork(request, new ConnectivityManager.NetworkCallback()
        {
            /**
             * Called when the framework connects and has declared a new network ready for use.
             * This callback may be called more than once if the {@link Network} that is
             * satisfying the request changes.
             *
             * This method will be called on non-UI thread, so beware not to use any UI updates directly.
             *
             * @param network The {@link Network} of the satisfying network.
             */
            @Override
            public void onAvailable(final Network network)
            {
                display("Got available network: " + network.toString());
    
                try
                {
                    final InetAddress address = network.getByName("navalclash.com");
                    display("Resolved host2ip: " + address.getHostName() + " -> " +  address.getHostAddress());
                }
                catch (UnknownHostException e)
                {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
    
                display("Do request test page from remote http server...");
    
                if(okHttpClient == null)
                {
                    okHttpClient = new OkHttpClient.Builder().socketFactory(network.getSocketFactory()).build();
                }
    
                Request request = new Request.Builder()
                        .url("http://navalclash.com")
                        .build();
                try (Response response = okHttpClient.newCall(request).execute())
                {
                    display("RESULT:\n" + response.body().string());
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    ex.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        });
    }
    

    This aplication activate 3G and Wifi connection, Giving preference to 3G!!
    Very useful http://www.redrails.com.br/2012/02/wireless-analyzer-for-android/

    Inspired by code in this ticket and using some parts of it, here is service that establishes hipri mobile and keeps it running.

    import java.net.InetAddress;
    import java.net.UnknownHostException;
    import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicBoolean;
    
    import android.app.Service;
    import android.content.Context;
    import android.content.Intent;
    import android.net.ConnectivityManager;
    import android.net.NetworkInfo.State;
    import android.os.IBinder;
    import android.util.Log;
    
    public class HipriService extends Service {
        private AtomicBoolean enabledMobile = new AtomicBoolean(false);
    
        public boolean enableMobileConnection() {
            ConnectivityManager cm = (ConnectivityManager) getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);
            if (null == cm) {
                Log.d(TAG, "ConnectivityManager is null, cannot try to force a mobile connection");
                return false;
            }
    
            /*
             * Don't do anything if we are connecting. On the other hands re-new
             * connection if we are connected.
             */
            State state = cm.getNetworkInfo(ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE_HIPRI).getState();
            Log.d(TAG, "TYPE_MOBILE_HIPRI network state: " + state);
            if (0 == state.compareTo(State.CONNECTING))
                return true;
    
            /*
             * Re-activate mobile connection in addition to other connection already
             * activated
             */
            int resultInt = cm.startUsingNetworkFeature(ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE, "enableHIPRI");
            //Log.d(TAG, "startUsingNetworkFeature for enableHIPRI result: " + resultInt);
    
            //-1 means errors
            // 0 means already enabled
            // 1 means enabled
            // other values can be returned, because this method is vendor specific
            if (-1 == resultInt) {
                Log.e(TAG, "Wrong result of startUsingNetworkFeature, maybe problems");
                return false;
            }
            if (0 == resultInt) {
                Log.d(TAG, "No need to perform additional network settings");
                return true;
            }
    
            return requestRouteToHost(this, Uploader.ServerAddress);
        }
    
        private Thread pingerThread = null;
    
        private void startMobileConnection() {
            enabledMobile.set(true);
            pingerThread = new Thread(new Runnable() {
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    while (enabledMobile.get()) {
                        /*
                         * Renew mobile connection. No routing setup is needed. This
                         * should be moved to 3g monitoring service one day.
                         */
                        enableMobileConnection();
                        try {
                            Thread.sleep(1000);
                        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                            // do nothing
                        }
                    }
                }
            });
            pingerThread.start();
        }
    
        private void stopMobileConnection() {
            enabledMobile.set(false);
            disableMobileConnection();
            pingerThread.interrupt();
            pingerThread = null;
        }
    
        public void disableMobileConnection() {
            ConnectivityManager cm = (ConnectivityManager) getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);
            cm.stopUsingNetworkFeature(ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE, "enableHIPRI");
        }
    
        public final static int inetAddressToInt(InetAddress inetAddress) {
            byte[] addrBytes;
            int addr;
            addrBytes = inetAddress.getAddress();
            addr = ((addrBytes[3] & 0xff) << 24) | ((addrBytes[2] & 0xff) << 16) | ((addrBytes[1] & 0xff) << 8)
                    | (addrBytes[0] & 0xff);
            return addr;
        }
    
        public final static InetAddress lookupHost(String hostname) {
            try {
                return InetAddress.getByName(hostname);
            } catch (UnknownHostException e) {
                return null;
            }
        }
    
        private boolean requestRouteToHost(Context context, String hostname) {
            ConnectivityManager cm = (ConnectivityManager) context.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);
            if (null == cm) {
                Log.d(TAG, "ConnectivityManager is null, cannot try to force a mobile connection");
                return false;
            }
    
            /* Wait some time needed to connection manager for waking up */
            try {
                for (int counter = 0; enabledMobile.get() && counter < 30; counter++) {
                    State checkState = cm.getNetworkInfo(ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE_HIPRI).getState();
                    Log.i(TAG, "Waiting for mobile data on. State " + checkState);
                    if (0 == checkState.compareTo(State.CONNECTED))
                        break;
                    Thread.sleep(1000);
                }
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                //nothing to do
            }
    
            if (!enabledMobile.get()) {
                Log.d(TAG, "Mobile data is turned off while waiting for routing.");
                return false;
            }
    
            State checkState = cm.getNetworkInfo(ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE_HIPRI).getState();
            if (0 != checkState.compareTo(State.CONNECTED)) {
                Log.e(TAG, "Mobile data is still turned off after 30 sec of waiting.");
                return false;
            }
            Log.i(TAG, "Adding routing for " + hostname);
    
            InetAddress inetAddress = lookupHost(hostname);
            if (inetAddress == null) {
                Log.e(TAG, "Failed to resolve " + hostname);
                return false;
            }
            int hostAddress = inetAddressToInt(inetAddress);
    
            boolean resultBool = cm.requestRouteToHost(ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE_HIPRI, hostAddress);
            Log.d(TAG, "requestRouteToHost result: " + resultBool);
            if (!resultBool)
                Log.e(TAG, "Wrong requestRouteToHost result: expected true, but was false");
    
            return resultBool;
        }
    
        @Override
        public void onCreate() {
            super.onCreate();
            startMobileConnection();
        }
    
        @Override
        public void onDestroy() {
            stopMobileConnection();
            super.onDestroy();
        }
    
        @Override
        public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
            return null;
        }
    
    }
    

    Here is how I start/stop it when needed. Note that it also gets locks on cpu and wifi so that it may run when the phone sleeps (screen only). Wifi is needed because my app is kind of bridge between wifi and mobile connections. You may not need it.

    public void startMobileData() {
        if (!enabledMobile.get()) {
            enabledMobile.set(true);
            WifiManager wm = (WifiManager) getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
            wifiLock = wm.createWifiLock(WifiManager.WIFI_MODE_FULL, "Wifi Wakelock");
            wifiLock.acquire();
    
            PowerManager pm = (PowerManager) getSystemService(Context.POWER_SERVICE);
            partialLock = pm.newWakeLock(PowerManager.PARTIAL_WAKE_LOCK, "3G Wakelock");
            partialLock.acquire();
    
            startService(new Intent(this, HipriService.class));
        }
    }
    
    public void stopMobileData() {
        if (enabledMobile.get()) {
            enabledMobile.set(false);
            Log.i(TAG, "Disabled mobile data");
            stopService(new Intent(this, HipriService.class));
    
            if (partialLock != null) {
                partialLock.release();
                partialLock = null;
            }
    
            if (wifiLock != null) {
                wifiLock.release();
                wifiLock = null;
            }
        }
    }
    

    Don’t forget to add service to you manifest file.

    @umka

    • i think, app can only reach to those hosts through HIPRI which it has requested, may be for other hosts(whose routes are not requested) is using the default network(MOBILE or WIFI).
    • On calling stopUsingNetworkFeature(), It will check — is there any other app is using this network, if yes, then it will ignore your request to down this network feature.
    • one of the main purpose of HIPRI network is that – if wifi is on and an app wants to use mobile netwrok(3G)to reach the particular host, it can reach through HIPRI network.
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