# Android Studio – debug keystore

Does Android Studio sign debug builds? If so, where is the keystore it uses to do it?

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It is at the same location: ~/.android/debug.keystore

If you use Windows, probably the location is like this:

C:\User\YourUser\.android\debug.keystore

You can specify your own debug keystore if you wish. This solution also gives you the ability to store your keys outside of the project directory as well as enjoy automation in the signing process. Yes you can go to File -> Project Structure and assign signing keystores and passwords in the Signing tab but that will put plaintext entries into your gradle.build file which means your secrets might be disclosed (especially in repository commits). With this solution you get the control of using your own keystore and the magic of automation during debug and release builds.

The location for this file depends on your OS:

   /home/<username>/.gradle/ (Linux)


2) Add an entry pointing to yourprojectname.properties file.
(example for Windows)

yourprojectname.properties=c:\\Users\\<username>\\signing\\yourprojectname.properties


3) Create yourprojectname.properties file in the location you specified in Step 2 with the following information:

keystore=C:\\path\\to\\keystore\\yourapps.keystore


4) Modify your gradle.build file to point to yourprojectname.properties file to use the variables.

if(project.hasProperty("yourprojectname.properties")
&& new File(project.property("yourprojectname.properties")).exists()) {

Properties props = new Properties()

android {
signingConfigs {
release {
keyAlias 'release'
storeFile file(props['keystore'])
}
debug {
keyAlias 'debug'
storeFile file(props['keystore'])
}
}
compileSdkVersion 19
buildToolsVersion "20.0.0"
defaultConfig {
applicationId "your.project.app"
minSdkVersion 16
targetSdkVersion 17
}
buildTypes {
release {
}
}
}

}

dependencies {
...
}


5) Enjoy! Now all of your keys will be outside of the root of the directory and yet you still have the joys of automation for each build.

If you get an error in your gradle.build file about the “props” variable it’s because you are not executing the “android {}” block inside the very first if condition where the props variable gets assigned so just move the entire android{ … } section into the condition in which the props variable is assigned then try again.

I pieced these steps together from the information found here and here.

Android Studio debug.keystore file path depend on environment variable ANDROID_SDK_HOME.

If ANDROID_SDK_HOME defined, then file placed in SDK’s subfolder named .android .
When not defined, then keystore placed at user home path in same subfolder:
%HOMEPATH%\.android\ on Windows

$HOME/.android/ on Linux On Mac, you will find it here: /Users/$username/.android

If you use Windows, you will found it follow this:
File–>Project Structure–>Facets

chose your Android project and in the “Facet ‘Android'” window click TAB “Packaging”,you will found what you want

Here’s how i finally created the ~/.android/debug.keystore file.

First some background. I got a new travel laptop. Installed Android Studio. Cloned my android project from git hub. The project would not run. Finally figured out that the debug.keystore was not created … and i could not figure out how to get Android Studio to create it.

Finally, i created a new blank project … and that created the debug.keystore!

Hope this helps other who have this problem.

Android Babe is a Google Android Fan, All about Android Phones, Android Wear, Android Dev and Android Games Apps and so on.