Android Studio 2.1: error: package org.junit does not exist

Update: Its a bug and it’s been reported, please star:

I’m setting up unit testing on Android studio.

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  • I have read the documentation and set it up exactly as specified. I have my test folder set up as src/test/java

    I’ve made a random test class:
    enter image description here

    import org.junit.Test;
    import static org.junit.Assert.*;
    import static org.hamcrest.CoreMatchers.*;
    public class RandomTestClass
        public void testTest()
            assertThat(4, is(4));

    However when I go to run my test I get:

    error: package org.junit does not exist

    I’ve set up my gradle EXACTLY as descibed in the docs:

    dependencies {
        // Required -- JUnit 4 framework
        testCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'
        // Optional -- Mockito framework
        testCompile 'org.mockito:mockito-core:1.10.19'

    The few other questions with this issue seemed to say these dependencies are missing. I have them.

    Can you think of any reason my Local Unit Tests are not finding the junit file when I go to run the test?

    It’s able to find the junit classes when Im writing the code. It only can’t find junit when I run the test.

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  • 4 Solutions collect form web for “Android Studio 2.1: error: package org.junit does not exist”

    I changed TestCompile to androidTestCompile and it’s worked without problems.

    testCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'


    androidTestCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'

    It looks like Gradle is not doing it’s job.

    Manually adding the jars fixed the problem.

    Some things you should check –

    • Do you have unit test and debug selected under build variants?
    • Is your working directory set to $MODULE_DIR$ in Run/Debug configurations for the unit test?
    • Did you create the test by selecting the class you wish to test, going to Navigate -> Test and having Android Studio construct the test class for you?

    My tests are in src/test/java folder and adding test.setRoot('test') to sourceSets worked for me.

    sourceSets {
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